ANG 160 Fall 2005
‘Walk in our moccasins the trail of our past.
Live with us in the here and
Talk with us by the fires of the days to come.’
For over forty
Canada's legal framework has promoted the rights of citizens and protected them
from discrimination. Unfortunately, this situation was not the same back in the
1880s, and especially for the Natives and the Métis living in Canada. Everybody
knows how the Europeans tricked and conquered the ‘’Indians’’ of this
continent when it was discovered in order to obtain goods and advantages. Since
the beginning of the Canadian society, Natives have been fighting for their
Some of us learned in a high school history
class the Métis’ rebellion led by Louis Riel, whom was hanged in 1885 for
high treason. With Gabriel Dumont, he fought for the Métis’ rights in
Saskatchewan. The Métis were afraid to loose their lands and be forced to give
them to the incoming white settlers. Louis Riel sent petitions to Ottawa with no
response. Then Gabriel Dumont convinced Louis Riel to fight for their rights.
The Canadian government sent troops, police, and spent $5,000,000 to shut the
Nearly a century after Louis Riel’s event,
and for merely the same reasons, the province of Québec had his own revolt in
1990: The Oka Crisis. Once again, Natives began with passive discussion. They
protested against a plan to build a golf course on an ancestral burial ground.
The federal and provincial government responded with troops and police
Natives and Métis are still fighting for
their rights even if the Government of Canada adopted a new program to fight
racism: A Canada for All: Canada’s Action Plan Against Racism.
Louis Riel 1844-1885
Hopefully, Canada has demonstrated in 2004 (Speech from the Throne) ‘’its
unwavering commitment to combat racism and racially-based discrimination. A
Canada for All: Canada’s Action Plan Against Racism is the next step in
the Government of Canada’s response.A Canada for All is a call to action to all individuals and groups who have made this
country their home.’’