Charlotte Perkins Gilman Biography
by Marie-Michèle Raîche
Anna Perkins Gilman was born in 1860, July 3rd, in
Gilman married an American artist,
Charles Walter Stetson, at 21 years old, even though she had once vowed not to
marry. One year later, she gave birth to a little girl, Katharine, but Gilman
suffered a depression after her birth. In 1888, Gilman and Stetson separated
and then she moved to
She continued to published poems and
short stories in popular magazines. She became the president of the Pacific
Coast Women's Press Association's and not longer after, in 1894, the editor of Impress,
which was the newspaper of the association. The unfortunate part of it was that
four months later the newspaper shut down because of the readers who did not
want a divorced woman as the editor. Therefore, she spent the next years to
lecture at women's congresses in
Then, in 1898, Gilman published another good book to protest women economic dependency on men, Women and Economics.
In 1900, she married one of her cousins, George Houghton Gilman. During the next years, she produced many other non-fiction works and continued to lecture in congresses of over five different countries.
In 1909, she produced and published her own magazine, The Forerunner. She handled alone all the work involved in producing a magazine. The Forerunner contained "non-fiction works, short stories, essays, poems, reviews, and editorials."(Cyclopaedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition) So, she published a lot of her work within this magazine, especially Herland, which was an utopian romance.
Thirteen years later, Gilman and her
husband moved back to
In 1934, George Houghton Gilman died
from a cerebral haemorrhage. The year after, Charlotte Perkins Gilman moved to
Most people forgot Gilman, but twenty five years later there was a revived interest in her work because of the feminist movement.
Cyclopaedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition c 2004 by Salem Press, Inc. November 18th 2007. (Literary Reference Centre)
Literary Encyclopaedia; 2005 People, p1. November 18th 2007.
(Literary Reference Centre)
Unknown author, "Charlotte Perkins Gilman", 2003
19 Nov. 2007 http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/gilman.htm